Folly leads men to reckless behavior; temptation leads them to lose sight of their goal homecoming ; the visit to Hades teaches Odysseus about what he still needs to do and monsters force them to triumph over the uncivilized in order to reach civilization.
The reader learns about the characters through the themes. The more complicated a character is, the more he or she engages these major themes. Therefore, the most complicated character, Odysseus, appropriately embodies each of the themes to one degree or another.
Thinking of hospitality as a major theme in a literary work may seem odd to modern readers. In Homer's world, however, hospitality is essential.
Fagles and Knox p. Often, however, strangers are but wayfarers, probably in need of at least some kind of help. Similarly, the residents themselves — or their friends or kin — may, at some time, be wayfarers.
Civilized people, therefore, make an investment in hospitality to demonstrate their quality as human beings and in hopes that their own people will be treated well when they travel.
Furthermore, communications are very primitive in Homer's world, and strangers bring and receive news.
It was through visitors that the Homeric Greeks learned about and kept abreast of what was happening in the world beyond their local areas. Hospitality, or the lack of it, affects Odysseus throughout the epic, and the reader can judge civility by the degree of hospitality offered.
Odysseus' own home has been taken over by a horde of suitors who crudely take advantage of Ithaca's long-standing tradition of hospitality.
Telemachus and Penelope lack the strength to evict them, nor can they hope for much help from the community because the suitors represent some of the strongest families in the area.
In his wanderings, Odysseus receives impressive help from the Phaeacians and, initially, from Aeolus. Circe is of great assistance after Odysseus conquers her, and the Lotus-eaters might be a little too helpful.
On the other hand, the Sirens are sweet-sounding hosts of death, and Cyclops Polyphemus makes no pretense toward hospitality. In fact, Polyphemus scoffs at the concept and the gods that support it. Zeus himself, king of the gods, is known as the greatest advocate of hospitality and the suppliants who request it; yet even he allows the sea god Poseidon to punish the Phaeacians for their generous tradition of returning wayfarers to their homelands.
The most striking example of loyalty in the epic is, of course, Penelope, who waits faithfully for 20 years for her husband's return.
Another example is Telemachus, who stands by his father against the suitors. Odysseus' old nurse, Eurycleia, remains loyal to Penelope and her absent master. Eumaeus, the swineherd, and Philoetius, the cowherd, are exemplary in their loyalty to their master and his possessions.
Also an excellent if humble host, Eumaeus makes his king proud as he speaks respectfully of the royal family and abhors the invasion of the suitors. In contrast are goatherd Melanthius and maidservant Melantho.The Value of Hospitality Why So Hospitable?
Hospitality in Homer’s time was well shown through long travels such as Odysseus' in The Odyssey as well as the guest-friend relationship, known as xenia. Values in The Odyssey Homer’s Odyssey highlights some of the most important values of civilised Greek society: home, family, community, hospitality, and proper respect for the gods.
It is the presence, or lack of, these qualities that mark the difference between civilisation and barbarism in . Archives and past articles from the Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia Daily News, and arteensevilla.com Hospitality, or the lack of it, affects Odysseus throughout the epic, and the reader can judge civility by the degree of hospitality offered.
Odysseus' own home has been taken over by a horde of suitors who crudely take advantage of Ithaca's long-standing tradition of hospitality. In Homer’s Odyssey, we follow the travels of Odysseus as he attempts to return to his homeland of Ithaca, after the ten years he spent at Troy.
In many ways, Odysseus is the most rounded and. Based on Homer's characterization of Odysseus, what are the virtues of a hero in The Odyssey? 1 educator answer What scenes in The Odyssey show that family and hospitality .