Education in ancient civilization[ edit ] The development of writing[ edit ] Main article: History of Writing Starting in about B. In Egypt fully developed hieroglyphs were in use at Abydos as early as B.
New England[ edit ] The first American schools in the thirteen original colonies opened in the 17th century. Boston Latin School was founded in and is both the first public school and oldest existing school in the United States.
Literacy rates were much higher in New England because much of the population had been deeply involved in the Protestant Reformation and learned to read in order to read the Scriptures.
Literacy was much lower in the South, where the Anglican Church was the established church. Single working-class people formed a large part of the population in the early years, arriving as indentured servants. The planter class did not support public education but arranged for private tutors for their children, and sent some to England at appropriate ages for further education.
By the midth century, the role of the schools in New England had expanded to such an extent that they took over many of the educational tasks traditionally handled by parents.
In the Massachusetts Bay Colony made "proper" education compulsory; other New England colonies followed this example. Similar statutes were adopted in other colonies in the s and s.
The schools were all male and all white, with few facilities for girls. Although they were publicly supplied at the local town level, they were not free. Hopkins School in New Haven, Connecticutwas another.
By the s, most had been replaced by private academies. By the early 19th century New England operated a network of private high schoolsnow called "prep schools," typified by Phillips Andover AcademyPhillips Exeter Academyand Deerfield Academy They became the major feeders for Ivy League colleges in the midth century.
In late 17th century Maryland, the Catholic Jesuits operated some schools for Catholic students. During the colonial years, some sent their sons to England or Scotland for schooling.
In Virginia, rudimentary schooling for the poor and paupers was provided by the local parish.
In the colony of Georgia, at least ten grammar schools were in operation bymany taught by ministers. The Bethesda Orphan House educated children. Dozens of private tutors and teachers advertised their service in newspapers. Although it is difficult to know how many ads yielded successful schools, many of the ventures advertised repeatedly over years, suggesting continuity.
Wealthy families sent their sons North to college. In Georgia public county academies for white students became more common, and after South Carolina opened a few free "common schools" to teach reading, writing and arithmetic to whites.
Republican governments during the Reconstruction era established the first public school systems to be supported by general taxes. Both whites and blacks would be admitted, but legislators agreed on racially segregated schools. The few integrated schools were located in New Orleans.
Particularly after white Democrats regained control of the state legislatures in former Confederate states, they consistently underfunded public schools for blacks which continued until when the United States Supreme Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional.
Generally public schooling in rural areas did not extend beyond the elementary grades for either whites or blacks. This was known as "eighth grade school"  Aftersome cities began to establish high schools, primarily for middle class whites.
In the s roughly one fourth of the US population still lived and worked on farms and few rural Southerners of either race went beyond the 8th grade until after It was founded in by the Sisters of the Order of Saint Ursula.The systematic provision of learning techniques to most children, such as literacy, has been a development of the last or years, or even last 50 years in some countries.
Schools for the young have historically been supplemented with advanced training for priests, bureaucrats and specialists. How it began The brief history of physical education would start in just about when schools focused on gymnastics, hygiene training and care and development of the human body.
This article contains great history information on the early years in the history public schools as well as recent history of public schools.
The term public school has two different meanings. In the United States, as well as in Australia and Canada, a public school is a Federally funded school, administered to some extent by the government. Learn more about the history of public schools in the U.S.
with this timeline. A school is an institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students (or "pupils") under the direction of teachers.
Most countries have systems of formal education, which is commonly compulsory.  In these systems, students progress through a series of arteensevilla.com names for these schools vary by country (discussed in the Regional.
Preceding today's programs is a long history of more than a hundred years of development, of testing and evaluating, and of constant research to provide the best in nutrition, nutrition education, and food service for the nation's millions of children in school.