The two-factor theory of motivation explains the factors that employees find satisfying and dissatisfying about their jobs.
In today's byte, we look at some of the criticisms for the theory. While the distinction between the motivational and hygiene factors is interesting to understanding the applicability of motivation theory directly in the design of the organization; there are certain criticisms that have to be noted: There exist some factors that cannot clearly be classified into hygiene factors or motivational factor.
We have already looked at salary as an example for this dichotomy. It the situational influence that gets the influence defined as a motivational factor or a hygiene factor. This is the first criticism concerning the classification of factors. Individual differences like age, sex, social status, education or occupational levels also influence to what extent these factors have an impact.
These individual differences are not considered in the theory. When we look at organizations, they typically have an internal flow process that would determine what sort of feelings an individual would develop toward the factors.
This aspect too is not considered in the 2 factor theory. The technique used to identity has been from the critical-incidents method or research, and most of the work here has been done by Herzberg and his students. This is again a criticism sited by experts.
In spite of these criticisms, the 2 factor theory is extremely useful in the design of work.Herzberg's Motivation-Hygiene Theory (Two Factor Theory) To better understand employee attitudes and motivation, Frederick Herzberg performed studies to determine which factors in an employee's work environment caused satisfaction or dissatisfaction.
He published his findings in the book The Motivation to Work. Dec 08, · Herzberg's Two Factor Theory - Criticism In the last byte, we looked at Herzberg's 2 factor theory.
In today's byte, we look at some of the criticisms for the theory.
Read this article to learn about the Herzberg’s motivation-hygiene theory, its factors and critical analysis.
Introduction to the Theory: Fredrick Herzberg and his associates developed the MOTIVATION HYGIENE THEORY, commonly known as the two factor theory, in the late s and early s. Critic of the Application of Frederick Herzberg’s Two-Factor theory in Assessing and understanding employee motivation at work: a Ghanaian Perspective Patrick Ashiadey The Frederick Herzberg Two Factor Theory has had a considerable amount of practical and as .
Oct 04, · To apply Herzberg’s theory, a two-factor analog model was designed to determine how the key variables from the logistic regression models function within a motivational/ hygiene paradigm. Step 1 Independent variables from the logistic regression models were formatted as paired factors, one denoting the variable’s presence and an inverse factor representing its absence.
Needs are defined as physiological or psychological deficiencies that arouse behavior. The content perspective includes four theories: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, McClelland's acquired needs theory, Deci and Ryan's self-determination theory, and Herzberg's two-factor theory.