United States History I.
The long unknown region of Victoria had been crossed and re-crossed from end to end; Hume and Hovell had almost intersected the territory; Major Mitchell had struck through it from the North to its South-western extremity, and had then pursued a route which brought him out at its North-eastern boundary.
He was more than able to confirm Hume and Hovell's favourable judgment of the country, and to dispel every vestige of lingering doubt, which previous condemnatory expressions and statements had raised and so long sustained. The judgment of Oxley and the prediction of Tuckey were now for ever set aside.
So impressed was the last great Victorian explorer with the beauty and fertility of the region through which he passed, that he gave it the name of Australia Felix, which the Colony would probably have retained, had not her Majesty, on its separation from New South Wales, signified her desire that it should be called after herself.
There have, however, always been some minds in which an obscurity of apprehension as to the advantages of colonization, even under the most favourable circumstances, has been insuperable.
In spite of the splendid success which has attended the founding of so many Colonies, each new project of colonization has been strongly opposed or seriously questioned, on the ground of the expense it must occasion—an outlay, which these short-sighted objectors fail to perceive, has, within a few years, almost invariably been repaid with compound interest by the profits directly or indirectly derived from new settlements.
This timidity, against which all our colonizing experience has been a standing protest, nearly lost us New Zealand, prevented a more timely annexation of Fiji, and leaves New Guinea open for some undesirable neighbour. This feeling was more justifiable when Sir Richard Bourke and Lord Aberdeen wrote the despatches to which we are about to refer, than it has been since so much subsequent experience has been acquired.
Much light is thrown by the following correspondence in the Record Office, upon the early views of the governments, both in England and New South Wales, respecting the attempts to settle the territory of Victoria. In a despatch of July 4th,Governor Bourke encloses to Mr.
Sec, Stanley—the late Lord Derby—a letter from Mr. Atkinson was connected, for the formation of a settlement near Twofold Bay, of a number of families from the North of Ireland.
The Governor does not approve of granting the concessions asked for.
He says,— "Already have the flocks and herds of the colonists spread themselves over a large portion of this southern country. They are to be found in great numbers in Monaroo Plains to the westward of Twofold Bay, and some are said to roam as far to the southward as Cape Howe.
The excellence of the pastures in the part of the colony I am describing has induced the graziers to resort to it, and much of the fine wool which is exported to England is taken from sheep depastured on vacant crown land beyond the limits assigned for the location of settlers.
It is not the policy nor would it he within the power of the government to prevent an occupation which produces so profitable a return, but being unauthorized it is understood by the occupiers that they cannot under such circumstances expect protection from the government.
If a settlement be made as proposed by Col. Verner, or any other authorized settlement be established on the Southern Coast it will then be impossible to deny to persons already occupying lands in these parts the privilege of converting that occupation into property by purchase in the manner now fixed by regulation.
This being effected, the Colonists thus regularly located, will claim the protection of the government, and the establishment of churches, schools, courthouses, gaols, custom-houses, a regular police and military force; and the numerous institutions of civilized life will be required in a country of great extent and slender population to the support of which institutions the persons to be benefited by them will not for some time be in a condition to contribute in any considerable degree.
I beg, however, I may not be understood as opposing such a measure.
On the contrary I would avoid as much as possible any obstacle to the profitable employment of rearing sheep, for which great extent of country is required. This pursuit may indeed be continued for some time longer in its present form without much inconvenience, but the prevailing desire of the colonists to spread to the southward, the advantage which would result from enabling the graziers now scattered over that country to embark their wool for Europe, and salted meats for home or foreign consumption at Twofold Bay and to supply Van Diemen's Land from thence with live cattle induce me to think it would not be premature to extend the authorized limits of location as far to the Southward as that harbour.early history of the colony of victoria, from its discovery to its establishment as a self-governing province of the british empire.
by. francis peter labilliere. Advantages and disadvantages of lay magistrates 1. Advantages and Disadvantages of Lay magistrates A Lay Magistrate is a volunteer worker from their community to help in their local court helping make the decision whether to prosecute somebody or not.
A Public Interest Case Against Trident, co-ordinated by Trident Ploughshares & calling for all interested parties to participate in this request to UK courts to uphold the law.
papua or british new guinea by j. h. p. murray lieutenant-governor and chief judicial officer, papua with an introduction by sir william macgregor g.c.m.g., c.b., d.
In conclusion there are many advantages and disadvantages of both magistrates and juries, which are that there is public confidence, fair results without being bias and juries represent the public as a whole, this means that they are a fundamental part of a democratic society.
Vol. XX. Norwalk, Ohio, Tues., Jan. 1, No. Mormon State. William Smith, brother to the founder and Prophet, now the self-styled head of the church of Latter Day Saints, asserts in a communication to the Cincinnati Commercial, that the Salt Lake Mormons will not be content with anything less than a free and independent government.